The Life and Political Career of Anwar ul Haq Kakar, Pakistani Senator and Current Caretaker Prime Minister

Anwar ul Haq Kakar has led an impactful life as a politician and human rights advocate in Pakistan. In August 2023, he was appointed as the caretaker Prime Minister during the transition to the next democratically elected government. He previously served as a member of the Provincial Assembly of Balochistan, before later being elected to the Senate of Pakistan in 2015.

Throughout his career, Kakar has been an outspoken proponent for human rights and religious freedom. He has worked to promote peace and security in Pakistan, while also striving to give a voice to oppressed minorities. As caretaker PM, he now faces the challenge of overseeing fair elections and a smooth transfer of power.

Early Life and Background

  • Birth and Family
    • Anwar ul Haq Kakar was born on January 1, 1969 in Qilla Abdullah, Balochistan, Pakistan
    • He comes from an influential family known as the Kakar tribe, who reside in Balochistan
    • His father, Nawabzada Mehboob Ali Khan Kakar, was a senior politician who served as a member of the Balochistan Provincial Assembly
  • Education
    • Kakar completed his early education in Quetta, Balochistan
    • He received his Bachelor’s degree in Medicine and Surgery (MBBS) from Bolan Medical College in 1990

Key Positions Held:

  • Member, Provincial Assembly of Balochistan (1993-1996)
  • Elected to Senate of Pakistan (2015-present)

Political Career

Anwar ul Haq Kakar

Early Political Activity in Balochistan

  • Kakar first became politically active in his youth by participating in protests against the military regime in 1983
  • He joined the Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) in his early political career
  • Was elected as a Member of the Provincial Assembly of Balochistan in 1993 on a PPP platform
  • During his time as an MPA, he contributed to the political stability of Balochistan amid escalating sectarian tensions

Switch to the National Party and Further Elections

  • Left the PPP to join the center-left National Party prior to the 1997 elections
  • Ran unsuccessfully for a Provincial Assembly seat with the National Party in 1997
  • Continued his political activism and human rights work in the years following
  • Ran again and won a seat as a Member of the Provincial Assembly of Balochistan in 2013

Tenure as MPA in Balochistan Assembly (2013-2015)

  • Primary legislative accomplishments:
    • Bills for political reforms and strengthening local governance
    • Measures to improve access to education and healthcare
  • Resigned from the Provincial Assembly after being elected to Pakistan Senate

Election to Senate and Tenure Since 2015

  • Kakar ran for Senate elections held in March 2015
  • Was elected to General Seat from Balochistan
  • Currently serving 7 year term as Senator which will expire in March 2022

Activities and Achievements as Senator:

  • Outspoken critic of human rights abuses against Pakistani citizens
  • Frequent advocate for reducing military influence in governance of Balochistan
  • Strong supporter of China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) projects in Balochistan
  • Member of multiple Senate committees on justice and law, human rights, and national security

Political Views and Policy Positions

Politics of Balochistan

  • Strong proponent of greater provincial autonomy for Balochistan
  • Supports fairer allocation of resources and funding to Balochistan from federal government budgets
  • Argues that lasting solution to separatist insurgencies requires political reconciliation and negotiations rather than excessive use of force

Positions on Key Issues in Balochistan:

  • Security – Against abductions and extrajudicial killings, advocates security strategy focused on dialogue and development
  • Education & Healthcare – Strongly supports expanded public funding for social services
  • Federal Resource Allocation – Balochistan deserves greater percentages of funds from bodies like NFC Awards to address poverty

Human Rights Advocacy

  • Vocal defender of religious freedom and minority rights for groups like Hazaras and Hindus
  • Condemns forced disappearances and torture committed by security agencies
  • Supports constitutional safeguards and legal protections for marginalized groups
  • Frequent critic of alleged human rights violations in troubled areas like Indian-administered Kashmir

Key Cases and Efforts:

  • Investigations into missing persons abducted by security forces
  • Speeches condemning mob violence against vulnerable groups
  • Bills calling for anti-torture legislation and accountability for extrajudicial killings

Foreign Policy Positions

  • Strong supporter of major CPEC infrastructure and development projects
  • Favors strategic partnership between Pakistan and China
  • Opposes US drone strike program within Pakistan’s borders
  • Supports right of self-determination for Kashmiris in negotiations with India

Personal Life

  • Married with four children
  • Known to lead an austere lifestyle despite coming from privilege
  • Son of former Senator Nawabzada Mehboob Ali Khan Kakar who was assassinated in 2013
  • Lost his own brother in a targeted killing in Quetta in 2014
  • Survived an assassination attempt himself in 2015, continues political activism despite dangers faced


Anwar ul Haq Kakar has led a career marked by political conviction in one of Pakistan’s most volatile provinces. He has repeatedly put principles of human rights and justice ahead of personal safety or political expediency.

Despite numerous personal tragedies, he has remained committed to advocacy for Baloch rights and constitutional protections for marginalized groups. His courage and persistence has earned widespread praise. But the volatility of politics in Balochistan means his mission is far from over.

The coming years will test whether Kakar can translate his idealism into tangible improvements for some of Pakistan’s most vulnerable citizens. But his career so far provides a glimpse into the power of conscience and moral purpose within a frequently bleak political landscape.

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